UK: Glasgow

Waterstones Bookshop
Sauchiehall Street
Glasgow
 
First Monday of the month, 7pm
    
 
    
Mandy Maclean
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Kevin O'Dell; Martin Hendry
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Website Cafe Scientifique Glasgow
   

   


 

Monday 1st October 2018

Can art ever inform science?

Jacqueline Donachie & Darren Monckton

 

The relationship between art and science is one that had been long discussed before, and has been since, CP Snow lamented the division in his famous 1959 “Two Cultures” lecture. Human geneticist Darren Monckton, and contemporary artist Jacqueline Donachie will explore how different the two cultures really are. Jackie and Darren have collaborated over a number of years, including producing together the art work ‘Tomorrow belongs to me’, which was presented at an exhibition at the Hunterian Art Gallery and Museum. Many artists have been successful at using art to explore scientific concepts but does art ever inform science? Can artists do science? Can scientists do art? Darren and Jackie will share their own experiences.

 

Jacqueline Donachie is one of Scotland’s most respected contemporary artists. One of a group of artists who established Glasgow in the 1990s as one of the world’s most dynamic contemporary art communities, she is still based in the city, and has forged an international reputation for a socially-engaged art practice, with a special interest in healthcare and biomedical research. Jackie studied fine art from 1987 to 1991 at the Glasgow School of Art. She graduated from the school's Environmental Art department, which encouraged artists to place their work in a variety of public contexts outwith the gallery space. She completed a Masters of Fine Art at Hunter College, New York in 1996 and obtained a PhD in Art Research from the University of Northumbria in 2017, culminating in the ‘Deep in the heart of your brain’ exhibition at the Glasgow Gallery of Modern Art. Donachie explores biomedical research and ideas of communication, participation and how public spaces are designed, managed and used in her work. Her exhibition ‘Right here among them’, a mid-career retrospective, at The Fruitmarket Gallery in Edinburgh 2017 to 2018, was funded by a prestigious award from The Freelands Foundation.

 

Darren Monckton was born at home in Bishopstoke in August 1966. He was educated at Stoke Park Infants School, Bishopstoke Junior School, Wyvern Comprehensive and Barton Peveril Sixth Form College. Despite experiencing England’s world cup glory in utero and hours of daily practice, he was never picked for England or any of his school football teams. He did though obtain a BSc in biochemistry from the University of Bath (1989) and a PhD in human genetics from the University of Leicester (1992). He did postdoctoral research in Houston, Texas, where he was the Muscular Dystrophy Association Sammy Davies Junior Neuromuscular Disease Research Fellow. In 1996 he was recruited to a lectureship in genetics at the University of Glasgow, where he was also the recipient of a Lister Institute Research Fellowship. He is currently Professor of Human Genetics and teaches genetics on a range of postgraduate and undergraduate courses, and leads an active research team. His group is investigating the basis of genetic instability in disorders such as myotonic dystrophy and Huntington disease, with the aim of providing improved diagnostics and treatments. He has published more than 70 scientific papers , and has presented his research in more than 200 invited seminars and lectures, including the Genetics Society Balfour Lecture, the Tenovus Medal Lecture and many international conferences, and many to patient groups and other lay audiences. He was the Muscular Dystrophy UK 2017 Scientist of the year and is a Scientific Advisor to the Myotonic Dystrophy Support Group (UK) and the Myotonic Dystrophy Foundation (USA).

 


 

Monday 5th November 2018

Menopause matters

Heather Currie

 

Often referred to as “the change”, the menopause refers to the biological stage in every woman’s life when periods stop and the ovaries lose their reproductive function. Usually, this occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, but in some cases, women may become menopausal in their 30s, or even younger. 

 

The recent launch of the NICE guideline on the diagnosis and management of the menopause was a monumental menopausal moment! For the first time, leading experts in the field have examined all the existing evidence to create information and advice that will not only enable women to better understand the consequences of the menopause and make informed choices about their treatment but also ensure that healthcare professionals can provide women with evidence-based information about the benefits and risks of different treatment options, to come to decisions on an individual basis. 

 

Dr Heather Currie will explode some myths about menopause, its consequences and how best to manage this truly individual area of medicine in a way that empowers both women and health professionals.

 


 

Monday 3rd December 2018

Global warming in the Trump era

Derek Fabel

 

The principles of global warming have been known since the mid-1800s. Scientific evidence gathered since then is clear about what is causing the accelerated warming Earth has experienced in the last 50 years. The impacts of global warming are less certain but are largely considered negative. People generally do not welcome bad news, especially when that news comes with uncertainties. Sea levels will rise; how much or how fast is uncertain. 

 

Uncertainty is part of science but in the ongoing global warming debate those who feel threatened by the actions needed to mitigate global warming use it to generate confusion. In previous environmental debates, the broad public understanding of the science enabled policy-makers to act on that scientific knowledge. Inward-looking politics, and narratives that attempt to undermine public confidence in experts, add to the challenge of fostering broad public understanding. We need to enlist everyone who benefits from climate science to meet this challenge; scientists’ voices are essential but on their own, insufficient. 

 

Derek Fabel works at the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre. He studies Earth surface processes and landforms and the concentration of extremely rare cosmogenic isotopes in minerals and organic materials. As Head of the NERC Cosmogenic Isotope Analysis Facility he is involved in quantifying natural processes that shape the surface of the Earth. His research focuses on quantifying the rate of change of ice masses on our planet, and the effect this has on global sea level. He has participated in four Antarctic expeditions (most recently in 2018).

 


 

 

Recent speakers   


Monday 3rd September 2018

"Le cœur a ses raisons que la raison ignore"

(The heart has its reasons that reason ignores)

Narwwar Al-Attar

Narwaar Al-Attar will take us through a journey of severe heart failure, the options available and the role of surgical techniques in the management of these incredibly sick patients. He will tell us the story of one very remarkable patient where love really did conquer all and save his life! Narwaar will discuss the patient's journey after an acute heart attack and follow (partly on film) the remarkable contributions of loved ones, nurses, physiotherapists, intensive care physicians, surgeons and the donor. 

 


 

Monday 6th August 2018

Meet your emotional homunculus: how understanding brain science can have a positive impact on our relationships

Andrew Boyd and Sara Watkin

 

Ever get the feeling that your body has a mind of its own? The Cyrenians Scottish Centre for Conflict Resolution's (SCCR) latest campaign asks us to meet our 'Emotional Homunculus', the part of the brain that determines how we perceive and react to things – particularly in conflict situations - based on our emotions and learned responses. 

 

Inspired by the biological concept of the cortical homunculus – the part of the brain that physically perceives external stimuli and causes the body to react accordingly - the Emotional Homunculus takes into account the importance of emotions in brain science and mental well-being.  

 

Understanding how the emotional homunculus responds to the world around us, and the effect this has on our bodies, feelings and thoughts is a crucial link in relating science and medicine to awareness about mental health in a wider social context. The emotional homunculus provides exciting opportunities to explore the body-mind connection, mental health and wellbeing, relationships and family conflict, combining the science of brain chemistry and evolution, human interactions, psychological practice and to get us thinking about what makes us uniquely human.

 


 

Monday 4th June 2018

Water moulds are natural-born killers

Pieter van West

 

Pieter will focus on the damage that water moulds (oomycete pathogens) inflict on our farms, in aquaculture and in the wider environment. Water moulds are fungal-like organisms that cause many economically and environmentally important diseases in fish such as trout and salmon, and other animals, in Scotland and further afield. They can infect plants, algae, fungi, animals and even other oomycetes. Pieter will highlight a few oomycete pathogens and give an insight about how they infect animals and how we try to control them with modern and innovative techniques.

 


 

Monday 7th May 2018

Poetry, physics and computing

Robert Crawford

 

Poet, biographer and critic Robert Crawford will discuss how his background in Glasgow helped him develop interests that led to his writing a series of poems relating to physics and computer science, as well as to his editing the book Contemporary Poetry and Contemporary Science.

 


 

Monday 2nd April 2018

Revolutions in light microscopy

Chas Nelson

 

Microscopy and imaging provide some of the most visually exciting and scientifically informative data available to the biosciences. Many revolutions have happened in light microscopy, from the development of fluorescent imaging to current advances in using artificial intelligence to produce super-resolved images. But there are still many challenges that must be solved by the combination of clever biology, clever physics and clever computing.

 


 

Monday 5th March 2018

Mapping the Clyde

John Moore

 

The Clyde is arguably the most evocative of Scottish rivers. Its name conjures a variety of images of power, productivity and pleasure, from its 'bonnie banks', through the orchards of south Lanarkshire, to its association with shipbuilding and trade and the holiday memories of thousands who fondly remember going 'doon the watter’. 

 

The story of the Clyde - and the attempts to map it over the years - reflects much of the history of the lands it flows through and the people who live on its banks.

 


 

Monday 5th February 2018

Plasticising the planet

Winnie Courtene-Jones

 

Plastics are an inextricable part of everyday life but there is growing concern about their impact on the environment. It is estimated that eight million tons of plastics enter our oceans annually. How does this plastic get into the ocean? Where does it go? What are microplastics? And what effect might plastics have on marine life and ultimately human health? 

 


 

Monday 4th December 2017

What is lurking in your genes?

Kevin O’Dell

 

The first human genome sequence was completed in 2003. It was a remarkable project, involving thousands of researchers from all over the world, took 13 years to complete and cost something in the region of three billion dollars. Extraordinary progress in DNA sequencing technology now means that a machine that looks remarkably similar to a memory stick can determine yours or my entire DNA sequence in a week for less than £1000. 

 

But how does this remarkable coding work and what does it say about us? What can our DNA sequence really reveal about our family histories, and what can we really discover about your ancient ancestors? And can our DNA really predict our future health and disease? 

 


 

Monday 6th November 2017

The sleeping giant: the current state of solar activity

Ryan Milligan

 

The Sun has a natural 11 year activity cycle, and we are currently experiencing a lull in solar activity, known as the 'solar minimum'. How does this quiet period affect modern life on Earth? What have we learned about solar activity during the current solar cycle (including the recent total solar eclipse that was visible across the continental United States)? And what can we expect from the next solar cycle, due to peak around 2022, when the next generation of solar telescopes will be online?

 


 

Monday 2nd October 2017

The operatic castrato and his anatomical abnormalities

Brianna Robertson-Kirkland

 

The operatic castrato was one of the most popular and sought-after voice types in eighteenth-century Europe. Yet the voice could only exist if pre-pubescent boys underwent a heinous operation to ensure they maintained their soprano voice. Not only was the voice of the castrato physically altered, his whole body was affected by the operation. 

 


 

Monday 4th September 2017

Cosmic forensic science: how astronomers probe the properties of immensely remote objects

John Brown

 

Numbers in astronomy are commonly felt to be incomprehensibly large, although they are exceeded by many numbers in our everyday life. There are more stars out there than grains of sand on our beaches but that’s still fewer than the number of atoms in a sugar cube. Stellar distances, let alone those that cross the universe, are truly mind-boggling, as are the minimum and maximum densities of cosmic matter. But even more amazing is how we deduce the mass, density, temperature and so on of objects that are immensely remote in space and time.

 


 

Monday 7th August 2017

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Angela Lewis

 

The Grenfell Tower fire and the recent terrorist attacks in London and Manchester have highlighted the physical and psychological impacts of major disasters. Angela will share her insights on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) based on years of hands-on experience in Navy Coastguard helicopters, dealing not only with the victims of disasters and medical emergencies, but also considering the impact on those people working in the emergency services. She will discuss what PTSD really means for those involved, its causes and its long history, the difficulties of getting it recognised as a serious medical condition, and some of the issues involved in treating those who are affected by it.

 


 

Monday 5th June 2017

Should we avoid fat or sugar? Why is dietary advice so confusing?

Christine Edwards

 

We often complain that nutrition experts keep changing their minds about what we should eat or not eat. The latest demand is for us to eat less sugar, with a tax on sugary drinks looming.  This has resulted recently in the re-formulation of many favourite (but “less healthy”) foods and drinks.  Christine will explore how dietary advice policy is developed, the evidence it is based on, and what is a healthy diet.

 


 

Monday 8th May 2017

The Internet of Things, big data and networks: a mathematician's perspective

Des Higham

 

The "Internet of Things" is the concept of connecting any device to the Internet (and/or to each other). This includes everything with an on/off switch, including cellphones, coffee makers, washing machines, headphones, lamps, wearable devices and almost anything else we can think of. Ultimately, the Internet of Things should involve physical objects seamlessly integrating into the information network for social and economic benefit. At the heart of the Internet of Things are data; digital records of everything including humans (anyone seen ‘Persons of Interest’?!), technology and other interactions. These data streams are large-scale, varied and rapidly changing. Making sense of these data raises many interesting challenges for people working in mathematics, statistics, computer science and related disciplines.

 


 

Monday 3rd April 2017

Genetic and environmental factors influencing health and well-being

Donald Lyall

 

Genetic epidemiology research is about quantifying and understanding genetic contributions to health and well-being and their potential interaction with environmental and lifestyle factors. Donald will explore how genetic research helps us to understand the mechanisms of diseases like dementia, how it can contribute to better treatment and why it is currently such an exciting time to be a genetic epidemiologist. He’ll also discuss why you should take some headlines with a pinch of salt and why you should beware of a scientist’s file drawer!

 


 

Monday 6th March 2017

Genome vs epigenome: the clay and the mould

Douglas Vernimmen

 

Thirteen years ago, the Human Genome project sequenced the entire DNA in a human cell. Ever since, scientists have been trying to understand the meaning of the three billion letters that form the human genome and it has become clear that the 'Book of Life' can be biologically interpreted in different ways. Epigenetics is the study of a group of small molecules that affect the way genetic information is used, rather than the study of the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics is strongly influenced by the environment, including the effects of nutrition, stress, physical activity and other factors. The most striking example is the case of identical twins (who have an identical DNA sequence), who appear identical during childhood but become more distinct during their adult life, even developing different diseases. 

 


 

Monday 6th February 2017

Scotland's Jurassic Park: new discoveries from the Isle of Skye and what they tell us about dinosaur evolution

Steve Brusatte

Fossils provide a perspective on evolution that is lost if we focus solely on living organisms. Only by studying fossils can we appreciate the great diversity of life throughout the earth’s history, and understand how groups change on a dynamic planet. One group of animals that is of particular interest is dinosaurs, including some that have been found on the Isle of Skye, Scotland’s Jurassic Park. How do these Scottish dinosaurs fit into the larger picture of dinosaur evolution? Where did dinosaurs come from and how did they rise to their position of dominance? Why did some evolve into birds while the rest became extinct?

 


 

Monday 5th December 2016

The Zika virus

Claire Donald

 

The current Zika virus outbreak is a major public health issue in the Americas. Although once thought to be innocuous, in a number of countries in the last ten years it has caused large-scale outbreaks that have been associated with neurological syndromes, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome and microcephaly, not observed in earlier infections. This unanticipated spread, combined with the new disease symptoms, led to the World Health Organization declaring a global health emergency in February 2016. How did this happen? What caused the virus to change? What were these changes? Should we be worried about what could happen to Zika and other viruses in future?

 


 

Monday 7th November 2016

Threats to Earth from space

John Brown and Massimiliano Vasile

 

In the earliest days of the solar system (approximately 1 to 5 billion years ago) its planets underwent heavy bombardment from space debris left from the proto-planetary nebula around the sun.  Such impacts continue with diminishing intensity in ‘modern’ times. They probably caused mass extinction of species as recently as 65 million years ago, and at least two impacts in the last hundred years have come near to causing major human catastrophes. In the context of the bleak view promulgated by the Astronomer Royal, Lord Rees, and others that cosmic threats are inconsequential alongside near certain and imminent self-destruction by earth-bound human activities.

 


 

Monday 3rd October 2016

Scotland: the fat, sick man of Europe

Jennifer Logue

 

In the last century, Scotland was famed for its high levels of heart disease and general poor health. Much of this was related to socio-economic deprivation and lifestyle and life expectancy in parts of Scotland mirrored that of war zones. Now Scotland has a new crown: the most obese country in Europe, and world-wide, third only to the USA and Mexico. Jennifer will discuss some of the factors that these twin epidemics of heart disease and obesity share, the reasons Scots are so susceptible and work on possible solutions.

 


 

Monday 5th September 2016

Listening to Einstein’s universe: the discovery of gravitational waves

Martin Hendry

 

Gravitational waves are the so-called “ripples in spacetime” predicted one hundred years ago by Albert Einstein. They are produced by the most violent events in the cosmos: exploding stars, colliding black holes, even the Big Bang itself. On September 14th 2015 two giant laser interferometers, known as LIGO, the most sensitive scientific instruments ever built, detected gravitational waves from the merger of a pair of massive black holes more than a billion light years from the Earth. This remarkable discovery finally confirmed Einstein’s prediction and has been widely hailed as the scientific breakthrough of the century.

 


 

Monday 8th August 2016

Why do individuals differ in their metabolic rate?

Neil Metcalfe

 

People vary in their metabolic rate, even when they are under the same conditions – a phenomenon that has been seen right across the animal kingdom. Why should this be? Why should some individuals use far more food and oxygen than others doing the same task? What are the consequences? Why has evolution and natural selection not led to all individuals having the same ‘optimal’ metabolic rate?

 


 

Monday 13th June 2016

Can we give new biotech the green light?

Donald Bruce, Louise Horsfall & Helen Sang

 

Introducing modern biotechnology into society has caused debate, with many countries deciding to ban its use. Our discussion will focus on whether we should use these technologies, how we could use them and whether using them would make us less ‘green’ as a society.

 


 

Monday 9th May 2016

The living cella factory run by actors!

Rob Beynon

Is the cell a factory? Can we describe the cell as a ‘complex manufacturing complex’? Can we recognise parallels between manufacturing processes in our macro-world and the nano-world inside a cell? And lastly, do we know enough about these nano-factories to be able to subjugate them to our will, to make new drugs, new foods, new weapons? A famous, Nobel prize-winning scientist once said 'DNA and RNA are the script, but proteins are the actors'.

 


 

Monday 4th April 2016

3D-printing drugs

Lee Cronin

 

3D-printing is an emerging technology which promises to revolutionise many areas of manufacturing processes, transforming the relationships between the design, manufacture and operation of functional devices. To date, 3D-printing technologies have been applied to varied applications but we are wondering how chemistry can be changed and inspired using 3D printing approaches. 

 


 

Monday 7th March 2016

What makes an animal smart?

Lauren Guillette

 

Animals perform behaviours that routinely surprise and impress us. Most of these are behaviours that we tend to think are special to humans, such as using tools. But animals can also do things we might find quite difficult, like remembering thousands of locations where food is hidden. Lauren will talk about her research on learning and cognition in animals and discuss questions such as: what does it mean to be smart? How do we find out if an animal is smart? And are some animals smarter than others?

 


 

Monday 1st February 2016

The face is the mirror of the mind and the eyes without speaking confess the secrets of the heart

David Koppel

 

David will explore the many issues regarding the cutting-edge technology, patient need and ethical considerations of facial transplants. The first facial transplant took place in 2005 and since then, ther ehave been significant development, not only in transplant techniques but also in conventional reconstructive techniques. David will bring to life the functional and psychological impact of major facial disfigurement and the groups of patients and their families who are affected and the ethics of facial transplant.

 


 

Monday 7th December 2015

The science and art of brewing

Keith Lugton

 

Greek Gods preferred ambrosia but we Brits have generally stuck to beer.  So, for our December Café Scientifique, what better way to celebrate the festive season than with Master Brewer Keith Lugton? Keith will take us through the basics of brewing – the biochemistry, microbiology and engineering that combine to bring us the perfect pint. He’ll explore how technological changes have affected the world of brewing and explain something of the brewer’s art – that special, added ingredient of knowledge and experience that helps him handle the challenges – and opportunities - that brewing can throw at him.

 


 

Monday 5th October 2015

Vision matters

Anita Simmers

 

Amblyopia (lazy eye) is the most common cause of visual impairment in children and affects three to four per cent of the general population. Amblyopia is commonly caused by a misalignment in the eyes, or one eye focusing better than the other, creating a difference in image quality, which leads to abnormal development of the visual areas of the brain. If untreated, it can cause permanent sight problems.  The current favoured method of treatment involves blocking the vision of one eye with an eye patch for around 18 months. The mean time under hospital care is 35 months, and an average of 22 visits. There are also associated problems: children can be stigmatised, do not have full vision, and do not always comply fully with their treatment.

 


 

Friday 25th September

Why you should know your blood pressure

Rhian Touyz

 This extra cafe was part of Explorathon (European Researchers' Night)


 

Monday 7th September 2015

The times they are a-changin' on Scotland’s coast

Jim Hansom

 

Scottish shores are moving inexorably landwards due to enhanced erosion and flooding driven by increases in sea level and storm impact together with dwindling coastal sediment supply. The pattern of coastal vulnerability is varied but the low-lying lands of the Western and Northern Isles, the Scottish east coast and the developed firths are at particular risk in the medium to long-term. To date our attempts at adaptation have been ineffectual and the scale and pace of adaptive provision needs to move up a gear if we are to cope with the changes in natural processes that are already under way.

 


 

Monday 10th August 2015

Viagra: Pasteur’s dictum rules! OK?

Simon Campbell

 

Drug discovery is a challenging art which requires scientific excellence, perseverance and some luck. In 1985, Simon and others started a research project seeking novel treatments for cardiovascular disease, but oh, were they in for a surprise! They designed new molecules that blocked their biological target but were bitterly disappointed when sildenafil (Viagra) showed no activity in clinical trials. Some suggested they abandon the compound, but they carried out a final study in student volunteers. Mild side effects were first reported but then one of the younger nurses shyly mentioned erections, which were a complete surprise. At almost the same time, new science was breaking around nitric oxide and they immediately rationalised how sildenafil (Viagra) could improve erectile function -- a real-life example of Pasteur’s Dictum that “chance favours the prepared mind". The rest is history. And there are no Viagra jokes left!

 


 

Monday 1st June 2015

Pain and suffering

Michael Brady

 

Pain and suffering are both widespread and varied: think of all of the very many kinds of pain, emotional distress, physical discomfort, and mental anguish that human beings experience. It is, moreover, widely agreed that all of these different forms of suffering are bad: we have reason to avoid, alleviate, and reduce our own pain and suffering, and that of others. However, suffering can also be valuable, and in many different ways. 

 


 

Monday 27th April 2015

Ebola

David Bhella

 

The recent outbreak of Ebola virus in West Africa has highlighted the global threat to human health posed by viral emergence. International travel and climate change both have the potential to bring new and life-threatening diseases to our doorstep. Dr David Bhella will discuss the causes of viral emergence and what can be done to keep us safe from new viruses entering the human population. David will be accompanied by University of Glasgow scientists who have had first-hand experience of the current Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone.

 


 

Monday 30th March 2015

Drone warfare: a robotic future?

Ian Shaw

 

The world has woken up in the middle of a science-fiction present. Military pilots controlling unmanned drones called ‘Predators’ and ‘Reapers’ are able to track, target and eliminate human beings from thousands of miles away. Multi-million pound technological developments are creating drones capable of flying autonomously and co-operating in intelligent swarms. In a frank assessment, the Ministry of Defence (2011) warns that 'There is a danger that time is running out – is debate and development of policy even still possible, or is the technological genie already out of the ethical bottle, embarking us all on an incremental and involuntary journey towards a Terminator-like reality?' There is so much at stake in the age of the drone: what are the ethical and moral implications of robotic killings? Why are the traditional assumptions of geopolitics insufficient for understanding the rise of the machine? What is next for human security?

 


 

Monday 2nd March 2015

Intelligent lighting - a LED-led revolution?

Janet Milne

 

LED lights are appearing everywhere but what are LEDs, how energy efficient are they and can they really last for 20 years? How can something so small be revolutionising a global industry?

 


 

Monday 2nd February 2015

Stardust

Massimilliano Vasile

 

Asteroids are a large group of celestial objects with the most intriguing variety of shapes, orbits, composition, gravity fields. Massimiliano Vasile of Strathclyde’s Advanced Space Concepts Laboratory will consider why we are interested in these objects, how we can control their motion and whether they represent a threat or an opportunity.

 


 

Monday 3rd November 2014

... and breathe! - the asthma challenge

Clive Page

Asthma is a common respiratory illness, usually starting in children under five years of age. We have effective treatments for many people with asthma but there remains a significant unmet need, particularly as the prevalence of this condition continues to increase, for reasons we do not fully understand. 

 


 

Friday 26th September 2014

Under dark skies

Steve Owens

 

Explore the darkest skies in the world, from the Namib Desert to the Scottish wilderness, the fight to protect them and the threat posed by man-made light pollution.

 


 

Monday 1st September 2014

Crying wolf

Jo Foo

Is it time to reintroduce large predators to our countryside? Are we ready to live with wolves, bears and lynx in our midst?Re-wilding the Scottish Highlands is a popular topic but one that causes controversy for many. North America has made massive leaps in predator re-introductions over the past few decades. What can we learn from their experiences when we consider a Scottish countryside with an added level of 'wild'?

 


 

Monday 11th August 2014

Athlete preparation: what can we learn for our own health?

Stuart Gray

 

For years sports science has been focussed on the optimisation of physical fitness and performance in athletic populations. It is now known that physical fitness is a very important component of health and there is a host of evidence that exercise is beneficial. Inrecent years, therefore, this knowledge has been applied in an attempt to optimise health and reduce the burden of many medical conditions, such as obesity, muscle wasting and cardiovascular disease. Stuart will discuss several examples of how our knowledge of athletes' preparation and conditioning can be useful in preventing and treating these common diseases. 

 

 


 

Monday 2nd June 2014

Anatomy drawing: where art and medicine meet

George Donald

 

In the early Renaissance, the roles of artist and scientist were closely associated, particularly in physiology and physics. The practice by artists of a sustained and visual exploration of the body’s anatomy still offers vital information. Such study also provides inspiration for visual, expressive and poetic endeavours.

 


 

Monday 12th May 2014

Scots who enlightened the world

Andrew Ferguson

 

Is the Scottish Enlightenment still relevant today? in his new book, Scots Who Enlightened the World, Andrew Ferguson explores the ideas of the Enlightenment through the lives of the great men – and women – who contributed, giving the story of the people behind the history. Some of the most exciting, creative and scientifically important discoveries, fundamental to our lives today, originated in Scotland as a result of the Enlightenment. What do television, pneumatic tyres, the telephone, steamships and antibiotics have in common? They were all invented by Scots.

 


 

Monday 7th April 2014

Pandas, primates and penguins – an introduction to zoo science

Alaina Macri

 

Giant pandas can eat over 30kg of bamboo in a day and eliminate up to 12kg of faeces! What happens to all that bamboo? What nutrients are digested and are they selective about what species of bamboo they eat? Edinburgh Zoo’s nutritionist is able to analyse what goes into and what comes out of our pandas to help gather insights into the best possible diet.

 


 

Monday 3rd March 2014

Glasgow Cafe Scientifique 10th Birthday Bash - Cafe Sci: ten years after

Helen Fraser: Astronomy 2024

Space exploration and discovery require long-term planning. Astronomers observing on the ground desire ever-larger telescopes and the next decade will see interferometric type telescopes such as ALMA, Lofar and e-Merlin, revolutionising our long-wavelength view of the universe. In the IR and visible 30-m class, telescopes are planned across the world to give unprecedented contrast imaging. Such advances are coupled with space satellites and exploratory missions in our own solar system. But are we being brave enough as scientists to really answer the questions we are posing or will the next ten years just see incremental steps? Is human participation really required to explore our local environment? If so, what is the future of science, from the ISS and beyond? Starting from the big questions, looking at the politics and the new players, Helen will try to investigate these topical issues.

Darren Monckton: Genetics 2024

The genetic material, DNA, held within the genome, contains all the information needed to generate an organism. It took fifteen years and $3,000,000,000 to sequence the first human genome; it now takes under a day. The fabled $1,000 genome will soon be a reality. In ten years' time, if the NHS hasn’t already sequenced your genome, you will be able do it yourself using a USB module on your laptop and then compare it with millions of others via your phone. The genome of most of the known species on Earth will have been sequenced and genome sequencing will be de rigueur in nearly every area of biology and healthcare. It is coming, ready or not.

Richard Cogdell: BioFuels 2024

Richard will review the current status of biofuels and ask why we should be looking to produce alternatives to fossil fuels. Currently there are lots of ways to produce electricity that are both clean and renewable but electricity alone cannot provide for all our energy needs. Electricity is hard to store in the long term and without new electric grid structures, the intermittentcy that is inherent in current renewable generation processes requires a source of fuel (energy on demand) to buffer these fluctuations. What new strategies can be thought of to produce fuel? Can we use plants directly? Can we think of more novel solutions?

 

 

 


Monday 3rd February 2014

Life? Don't talk to me about life... Building a sarcastic robot

Matthew Aylett

 

Artificial voices are increasingly becoming part of the world around us but will artificial speech ever sound emotionally convincing or convey the subtleties of human speech?

 


Monday 2nd December 2013

Life = H2O

Colin Adams

Six (or perhaps seven) things you did not know about water.

 

 

In Glasgow we are surrounded by it; we take it for granted but this small, simple molecule has some very strange properties. It is responsible for shaping some of the most important processes on earth: life would not exist without it, Homo sapiens is not likely to have evolved and it forms the most unexplored, vulnerable and dynamic ecosystems on our planet. 

 

 


Monday 4th November 2013

Seeing music and hearing colours

Maria Flor Kusnir

 

 

Synaesthesia is a remarkable form of anomalous perception; ‘synaesthesia’ originates from the Greek syn, meaning 'union', and aisthises, meaning 'of the senses'; literally expressing a joining together of two senses in one experience. Synaesthetes 'see' music, 'taste' shapes, 'feel' colours and even perceive letters as coloured. Their synaesthetic percepts are so natural - like a sixth sense - that they generally don’t realise that they are experiencing the world in an unusual way. What is the neural origin of these experiences? Is this a unique phenomenon, or does everyone have the potential to become a synaesthete?

 


Monday October 7th 2013

Red hair and evolution in action

Ian Jackson

 

 

What causes red hair and why is it so common in Scotland? Red hair is due to variation in a gene called MC1R. It turns out that variation in this gene in many different animal species causes variation in hair or fur colour, and we can see evolution in action on some of these animals. Variation in the human gene is extremely common in Europeans, so that in the UK half of us are carriers of a red-hair form of MC1R. Whilst is well known that individuals with red hair have paler skin, carriers also have skin that is significantly paler than non-carriers. Has evolution in humans acted on this pale skin to select for frequent variation in MC1R? It seems that red hair may be a side-effect of evolutionary pressure to reduce skin pigmentation in Northern Europe

 


Monday 2nd September 2013

Searching for that God (damn) particle: the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider

Victoria Martin 

 

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva is the largest scientific instrument ever built. It collides protons at extremely high energies to re-create the conditions that were present in the first billionth of a second after the big bang. By examining the data from these collisions, collected by the ATLAS experiment,  physicists hope to identify the illusive Higgs boson which may explain how each of the fundamental subatomic particles acquire mass.

 


 

Monday 5th August 2013

Periodic success

Jamie Gallagher

 

The periodic table is an iconic classroom poster but behind each door on this elemental housing block lie amazing tales. Love, murder, greed, human endeavour and sacrifice are all to be found, as well as the charting of human history from the Iron Age to the exploration of Mars.

 


 

Monday 10th June 2013

Where have all the frogs gone?

Roger Downie

 

All over the world, many species of animals and plants are threatened with extinction, mainly from human-related causes. Biologists have suggested that we should name the current era the Anthropocene, the era dominated by humans. One group of animals seems to be in worse trouble than most: the amphibians (frogs, toads, newts, salamanders and caecilians), with 32% of species reckoned to be in the most threatened categories. A sad irony  is that at the same time as we are calculating this threat, we are learning that the total number of amphibian species in the world is much greater than previously thought. Many species are likely to become extinct before their existence is properly recognised.

 


 

Monday 13th May 2013

A hitchhikers guide to gobsmackingly large astronomical numbers

John Brown

According to The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, 'Space is big. You just won't believe how vastly, hugely, mind- bogglingly big it is. I mean, you may think it's a long way down the road to the chemist's, but that's just peanuts to space'.

Space is also fantastically old and, on average,  utterly unbelievably empty , though in places it is unspeakably dense and exerts immense forces of gravity, magnetism and rotation.

 


 

Monday 8th April 2013

Depicting the dead

Caroline Wilkinson

 

Caroline will discuss the challenges associated with the identification of the dead from facial appearance, in relation to soft tissue reconstruction and skeletal assessment. She willalso describe the application of craniofacial superimposition, facial reconstruction and post-mortem depiction and discuss research that is evaluating the accuracy and reliability of these technique. Caroline will offer examples from forensic and archaeological investigations, including historical figures such as St Nicolas, JS Bach and Rameses II.

 


 

Monday 4th March

How's the space weather today?

Iain Hannah



The Sun is our star, its heat and light vital to sustain life on Earth, yet it sporadically presents a serious threat to us and the technology upon which we rely. These changes to the local space environment, known as 'space weather', are driven by phenomena in the Sun's atmosphere: wind, flares and coronal mass ejections. Iain will discuss how we can monitor these phenomena and predict their possible impact on Earth.

 


 

Monday 4th February 2013

Why is science important?

Stephen Breslin

 

Stephen will discuss the relevance and importance of science for society, children and the world and specifically, the role and relevance of science centres. He will discuss specific programmes and future plans in the Glasgow Science Centre and more broadly, the broader role of public engagement with science in Scotland and the UK.

 


 

Monday 5th November

Reliable renewable energy

Mark Symes

 

Renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric) are seen as green and sustainable alternative power sources to fossil fuels. Indeed, we could obtain enough power from such renewables to meet the world's current energy demands several times over. But what happens when the sun goes down, or when the wind doesn't blow? How can you drive a car using hydroelectric power?

 


 

Monday 1st October 2012

Truths and myths in coronary heart disease: what do we need to know?

Rachel Myles

 

Coronary heart disease is a major global health problem and one particularly relevant to people in the west of Scotland. We’ve lived with this condition for generations and our collective experience has produced a number of common observations, only some of which are true. At the same time an enormous amount of research is happening; the health pages of our newspapers are filled with reports of scientific advances and advice about how we should live our lives. The results are pretty confusing: will heart disease be cured in our lifetime? Should we all drink red wine? Can you be too young to worry about this …?

 


 

Monday 3rd September

The first hyperactive kids

Matt Smith

 

Do you know someone with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)?  Today, most people know a child or, increasingly, an adult whose impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention is such that they have been diagnosed with ADHD.  They might even take drugs, like Ritalin, to treat their disorder.  But did your parents know someone with ADHD?  Did your grandparents?  If they grew up in the UK, chances are they didn't.  So who was the first hyperactive kid?   And why was his behaviour thought to be a problem worthy of a diagnosis and a prescription for stimulant drugs?

 


 

Monday 13th August 2012

Blame your parents

Kevin O'Dell

 

Ever wondered why you look and behave like you do? Your parents provided your genes (nature) and much of your environment (nurture), so in a sense however you've turned out it's their fault. Even if you take the most casual look at your friends you’ll notice one inescapable fact, that they all look different. Which aspects are genetic and which are environmental? Or is everything some combination of the two? 


 

 

 

Monday 11th June 2012

Neutrinos

Frank Close

What are neutrinos? Why does nature need them? What use are they?

Neutrinos are perhaps the most enigmatic particles in the universe. Formed in certain radioactive decays, they pass through most matter with ease. These tiny, ghostly particles are formed in their millions in the Sun and pass through us constantly. For a long time they were thought to be massless and, passing as they do like ghosts, were not regarded as significant. Now we know they have a very small mass and there are strong indications that they are very important indeed.


 

Monday 14th May 2012

Science education in Scotland

Heather Reid

Scotland has a distinguished record of discovery and innovation in science, engineering and technology and remains internationally leading in many scientific disciplines. For this to continue, we need to ensure that science education in Scotland not only inspires the next generation of scientists but also encourages a life-long interest in science amongst all our young people.

 


 

Monday 2nd April 2012

Wine and health: better under the table than under the ground? 

Roger Corder

What is healthy drinking? Newspaper articles frequently state that red wine can protect you from heart disease. Then a few days later the same newspapers report that all alcoholic drinks cause cancer. Is this bad journalism, unreliable statistics, or specific vested interests giving their own spin on these issues? Is wine the true panacea? Are all wines the same in terms of their ability to influence well-being? 

 

 

Monday 5th March

Stem cells

Ian Mackenzie

There is often talk on the radio and in the press about stem cells but it’s not always clear exactly what is being talked about or why stem cells are so special. The making of our bodies requires one cell, the egg, to generate the more than ten trillion cells that form our tissues and organs. New cells can be made only by getting an existing cell to divide and, although many cells are able to divide a bit, only stem cells can do it over and over again. This is what makes them special and why they are needed, first to develop the body and then to maintain it – the blood alone, for example, renews more than two million cells a second throughout life. The current medical excitement is generated on the one hand by the feasibility of manipulating stem cells to make replacement body parts and, on the other, from the finding that stem cells drive the growth of cancers.


 

Monday 6th February 2012

Radiation and reason: a clear and positive scientific account of the effect of radiation on life

Wade Allison

For more than sixty years it has been accepted that radiation, that is nuclear radiation, is quite exceptionally dangerous. Wade will re-examine the effects of radiation, using medical evidence.

 


 

Monday 5th December 2011

Exploring the world’s most advanced interaction device: the WiiMote

Dan Fitton

The humble WiiMote will celebrate its sixth birthday this year and, after some early teething troubles as a hand-held projectile, has been responsible for turning out-of-date game-console technology into an innovating gaming platform popular with young and old alike.  This talk will explore the innovative design of the WiiMote, from the way it is used to the technology inside. 


 

Monday 7th November 2011

The long walk to now: genetics and human migrations

Mark Jobling

The DNA we all carry is a message from our ancestors – as it passed down the generations to us, it accumulated changes that we can now analyse easily with modern genetic techniques. Most of these DNA changes were ‘neutral’ and made no difference to our ancestors’ chances of survival. Studying these can teach us about the origins of our species about 200,000 years ago and its dispersal and expansion across the world. 


 

Monday 3rd October 2011

The gene switch and cancer
Bob Brown

DNA contains the blueprint for all the proteins in a human that make different tissues and cells. However, the DNA in a cell from your heart, or your eye, or your big toe are all identical. So, how does the same DNA, encoding the same 25000 genes, make very different cells?
Epigenetics is the process that interprets the DNA blueprint. For each type of cell (heart, eye or big toe) epigenetic mechanisms determine which of your 25000 genes are used and which are not. This is a very important process that ensures normal development occurs. As a consequence the proteins required to make a human are made at the right time, in the right place, and in the right amount.


Monday 5th September 2011
The end of antibioti